Ust-Lensky State Nature Reserve
Ust-Lensky reserve is located in the “permafrost”. The delta of the Lena River throughout its territory is occupied by polygonal and roller tundra swamps.
The delta of the Lena River and the western slopes of the lower reaches of the Kharaulkh Range on the north side are the territory of the Ust-Lensky State Nature Reserve. Ust-Lensky Reserve
It territorially belongs to the Bulunsky district of the Republic of Sakha. The unique creation of nature is the delta of the Lena River. The famous aquatic artery includes countless channels that form more than 30,000 lakes. Plus, the reserve borders the Laptev Sea, into which the Lena River flows.
Plants On the slopes of the Primorsky ridge, which faces the Lena River, grows the “golden root,” a medicinal pink radiola. In the tundra, meadows, on scree, also grows this wonderful plant.
Rare species of legumes, brayu brayu and brai pods can be found on the steep stony slopes, gravelly dryad tudras. The combination of stony lichen deserts, herb-driad and lichen gravelly mountain tundra can be seen on a small section of the reserve. The protected species of flora in the reserve are represented by lichens by Asahinea Sholander, Tsetrelia Alaska and angiosperms in the form of Chekanovsky Forget-me-not.
Where is located Ust-Lensky reserve is located on two territorial zones – areas “Deltovy” and “Falcon”. On the territory of the “Delta” site, special attention is paid to the protection of the main places of calving and summerings of the northern deer, the fox harbor. Under special control is half the territory where waterfowl nest. They also keep an eye on the water areas where they walk, hibernate and form spawning herds of whitefish.
Track the rookeries of marine mammals and dens, where the polar bear lies in the winter. Another territory of the reserve is called “Falcon”. Here are the arrays of mountain tundra and special types of animals. Wild reindeers winter in this area. Their groups comprise about 1000 individuals. Lena’s Delta is the best for scientific research.
Here come Moscow, Yakut, St. Petersburg scientists, as well as German, French, American, Dutch, Chinese, Japanese, Belgian and British researchers. The main areas of research concern the conservation of biological diversity, environmental monitoring of the state of water resources and terrestrial ecological systems, the protection of unique species of the living world in nesting and habitats. The main task of scientific research in the Ust-Lensky State Nature Reserve is the process of studying the natural development of the Arctic and subarctic tundra sites located in the lower reaches of the Lena River and also located near the territory of the Laptev Sea.
In addition, the Novosibirsk Islands are being studied and work is underway to restore and properly utilize the rich natural resources of the northern part of Russia in the territory of the Sakha Republic. Animals Birds A lot of fish are found in the lakes of the natural park; in the grass weeds you can see ducks, loons, gulls. If you are lucky, you can watch the special types of gulls, pink and perched. Thanks to the care of workers of the reserve, many species of rare birds have recently begun to actively proliferate. Among them: pink seagull; swans; white geese. The Ust-Lensky Reserve and the territories adjacent to it are of interest not only among scientists and researchers, tourists and even filmmakers who have chosen these expanses for field shooting constantly come here.
On the territory of the Lena River valley, on the island of Tit-Ary, there is a forest, which is geographically the northernmost in the world. On the island grow small (up to 6 meters) deciduous trees called Kayander. Fish In the waters of the Lena River, on the territory of the reserve, the following fish species spawn and feed: nelma; omul; muskun; sturgeon-like sturgeon. Also here are the pits where sturgeon winters. The Red Book The protected species of the fauna are represented by the American goose, the white gull, the white-fronted loon, the golden eagle, the klokotun, the red-faced geek, the gyrfalcon, the small swan, the white-tailed eagle, the bluebird, the peregrine falcon, the Siberian Crane, the polar bear, walrus, narwhal and snow barn.
The task of the workers of the Ust-Lensky Natural Park are not only the functions of protection and study of delta and water systems. The reserve is designed as a large reserve, contributes to the development of populations of representatives of the aquatic world, birds and animals. They inhabit the vast expanses of Yakutia, including migratory birds, who return to their homes in the spring.