PASSIFLORA – FLOWER OF PASSION
This unusual flower with its exotic beauty was among the first flowers from the New World, which turned out to be in the gardens of Europe. Deep symbolism of the flower The very first description of passiflora belongs to Pedro Cieza de León and dates back to the year 1553.
In 1610, the image of passiflora fell into the hands of Jacomo Bosio, an Italian religious leader and historian. It is to him that the flower owes its name, since in his report “Della Trionfante e Gloriosa Croce” Bosio described the flower as the embodiment of the sufferings of Jesus Christ (from the Latin “passus” – suffering, “flos” – flower, passionflower – passion flower). The three stigmas of the pistil of the flower — nails nails and the feet of Christ; the flowers of the receptacle — a crown of thorns, stamens — the wounds of Christ; the tops of the leaves — a spear that pierced Christ; the central trunk — the pillar to which Christ was attached.
Then I noticed a flower in my head; Mysterious – purple with golden, He was strange, but each petal Imbued was a fascination pure. That night, when the blood of Christ poured out (There is a tradition in the people about it) – For the first time it bloomed in the shadow of a cross.
And therefore it is called passionflower, As if in the torturer’s dungeon, On it are seen the tools of the torments of Christ: Everything, from the cross, the ropes and the scourge, To the hammer – with a crown of needles of thorns Heinrich Heine Native Advertising Relap
Types of Passiflora
In nature, there are different types of passiflora.
Passionflower blue (P. caerulea) from Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Peru. Light blue flowers reach 9 cm in diameter, pistil columns are purple, and the crown consists of dark blue threads.
The fruit of this passionflower is yellow-orange and does not have a pronounced taste, so this flower is grown as an ornamental, and not as food. Tender Passion Flower (P. mollissima) from South America
This kind of passionflower is characterized by white and pink flowers and fragrant fruits. It can tolerate a decrease in temperature to -2 ° C. Brazilian Passionflower (P. laurifolia) from Brazil, also called yellow granadilla or passion fruit. It is a weaving vine with oval leaves and orange-yellow fruit. The fruit of passiflora, depending on the conditions, matures about two months. Inside the fruit is pink flesh and orange jelly-like mass with black seeds, sweet and sour to taste.