Sinharaya Forest Reserve
Sinharadzha Forest Reserve – the last of the tropical rain forests of Sri Lanka, is located in the southwestern part of Sri Lanka, northeast of Galle. There are many rare and endemic species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and butterflies. This reserve is sometimes called the “Kingdom of the Lion”, it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sinharadzha Reserve is a national treasure, although it is only 21 km across and an average length of 5 km. Leopards are a point of interest, although they are almost impossible to see, as well as monkeys, the breed of which is called fine-colored purple-faced white-bearded.
A large population of birds is often kept in mixed flocks, sometimes birds of 48 species come together. Among the rare birds that can be seen in Sinharaj are shrub cuckoos, blue Sri Lankan magpies, ash-headed bushes and bald starlings, as well as green-billed spur cuckoos, the rarest of Sri Lankan birds.
Various reptiles, many groups of amphibians, and tree frogs are found in Sinharaj.
The vegetation of Sinharaji is a combination of tropical rainforest lowlands and tropical evergreen forests, with many trees growing to 47 m. Of the 211 species of trees and lianas found in the reserve, 139 are endemic, including giant bamboo and huge trees with a spreading crown, which height reaches 50 m, they also receive the most part of a sunlight. Many of the plants, such as epiphytes, are found only here.
You can get here from the north through Delgoda (Delgoda), and from the south – through Deniyaya. The best way from Ratnapura is through Rakwana and the Butota Pass. Tourists are allowed to inspect the park only with a guide. Tourists should be wary of local leeches: if you are going to go deeper into the park, be sure to treat your shoes, socks and feet with repellent.