Talovskiye bowls are mineral springs rounded in shape, formed more than 10 thousand years ago in the territory of the Tomsk Region. The water in them is surrounded by travertine walls and is saturated with salts of calcium, potassium, manganese, sodium, carbon dioxide and radon. The name of the picturesque springs got a small village Talovka, which was once located near this place.
Talovsky bowls have the status of a state natural monument. Around them is prohibited any construction, logging and making fires.
Spring water from the bowls comes out under pressure, and carbon dioxide is emitted. Regardless of the season, it has a constant temperature of + 5 … + 6 ° С, therefore it does not freeze even in extreme cold. Long since this water is considered healing and is used to treat skin diseases, diseases of the eyes, stomach, intestines, liver and gall bladder.
Year-round many Tomsk citizens and residents of the surrounding villages come to the Talovskiy Chalice. The recreational load on a natural landmark is great, and the surrounding forest suffers from it. Recently, local authorities and environmentalists have developed approaches to natural attractions. Now tourists can walk on the boardwalk, relax in the gazebo and sit on the benches. Information stands stand around the nature monument, and the foresters clean the windbreak and clear the trails from the accumulated debris.
Similar to Talovskiye bowls, travertine formations are found in two more places in the Tomsk region. These are low mineral sources such as Sukhorechenskiye bowls and Berezovskiye bowls.
What are the sources
Talov bowls are located on an overgrown forest glade with an area of about 300 m². Once they consisted of seven large springs, but today there are only four large sources and three small ones left.
The largest spring, which is often called the “Big Talovskiy Chalie”, has dimensions of 3.5 by 2 m and a depth of 1.5 m. Its walls rise above the ground by 1 m and have a thickness of up to 0.5 m. Some of the water overflows through calcareous formations, and the rest flows into a stream along a 2.1 m long travertine trough. It is estimated that every second 1 liter of mineral water leaves this spring.
The second bowl is located on the slope of the ravine. It is smaller in size than the first, and does not have such pronounced walls. Water flows from it into the stream along a moss-covered travertine chute about 10 m long. Nearby, you can see two more rounded bowls with a diameter of up to 1 m, which have no protruding walls.
How is the process of growth of bowls
According to scientists, the water in the springs does not come from groundwater, but from the Paleozoic fracture zones that are much deeper. This is the way to explain the rich content of calcium salts in it.
Due to the deposition of mineral salts around the springs appeared education similar to the bowl. Their walls consist of calcareous tuff or travertine. It is curious that the travertine contains the mineral bernessite, which is very rare in Russia. It gives lime formations characteristic earthy color.
Due to the fact that water constantly overflows through the edges of Talovskiy bowls, travertine walls grow and thicken year after year. Calcium carbonate is very well absorbed by plants, so the sources have emerald edging of sphagnum moss. At the same time, calcium carbonate is deposited in these plants, replaces cellulose and creates on the plant tissue pseudomorphs of calcite.
It is known that during the years of Soviet power, travertine bowls around the springs were cut to the ground to facilitate the watering of livestock. However, as time passed, the natural springs were again overgrown with lime walls.
How to get there
Talov bowls are located 40 km from the south-east of Tomsk. They are located on the right bank of the stream, which flows into the river Basandayka near the village of the same name. Those travelers who get here by car go through Stepanovka, Mirny, Bolshoy Protopopovo and Mezheninovka. Tourists traveling under their own power, by train along the Tomsk branch of the Trans-Siberian Railway, reach the stopping point “41 km” and go to Talovskiye Bowls on foot along a country road. The distance of 3.8 km usually pass in 1-1.2 hours.