The Lapland nature reserve is located in the west of the Kola Peninsula, on the shores of Lake Imandra. Here, in the mountain ranges of Monchetundra and Chunatundra, one of the largest protected zones of Europe is located. The core of the reserve is made up of territories whose nature has been preserved in its original form: ancient virgin forests, crystal clear lakes, and intact tundras. Access here is closed to tourists, but the primitive beauty should remain on our planet.
To visit the open buffer zone of the reserve. Since the terrain here is very rugged, the journey will not be easy. There are five independent mountain ranges on the territory of the Lapland reserve, the heights of which range from 600 to 1114 m. More than half of the reserve’s area is covered with forests, and considerable areas also belong to rocks and mountain tundra (about 34%). There are very beautiful waterfalls here, for example, the 30-meter waterfall Girlish Braids, which got its name for its similarity with the girl’s flowing hair. It flows from the Karabashi glacier.
Another attraction is the Ebr-Chorr waterfall, which is extraordinarily beautiful at any time of the year and does not freeze even in winter.
A trip to the Lapland Nature Reserve will be an unforgettable adventure for everyone. Here you can not only get acquainted with the amazing representatives of the northern flora and fauna, but also, perhaps, find traces of the ancient civilization of hyperboreans and penetrate deeper into the secrets of our planet
In the 1920-1930s, the Kola Peninsula became the object of close attention of researchers. Here found the richest natural resources, and for 10 years in the area visited about 400 expeditions.
In those years, several ardent supporters of nature protection put forward the idea of creating a reserve in these places. The reindeer was particularly in need of protection: by the end of 1929, only 95 species of the species lived here, and on January 17, 1930, the Leningrad Regional Executive Committee approved the local nature reserve on an area of 1600 m².
During the Great Patriotic War, the reserve was in the front line. In 1951, it was abolished, and after 5 years it was already actively cutting wood here. In 1957, it was again restored to the former territory, although in 1961 it was combined with the Kandalaksha Nature Reserve. And only a few years later, the Lapland Nature Reserve became independent, and on February 15, 1985 it was included in the list of international biosphere territories of UNESCO.
One of the famous scientists of the Lapland Nature Reserve is Oleg Izmailovich Semenov-Tian-Shansky, the grandson of the Russian geographer Peter Petrovich Semenov-Tian-Shansky. He dedicated almost all his life to the reserve, wrote many valuable books, among them, “Birds of Lapland”, “Lapland Reserve”, “Reindeer”, “Reproduction Biology of Grouse Birds in the North”, etc.
In the Lapland Nature Reserve, 603 species of higher vascular plants grow, 370 mosses, 575 lichens and 273 fungi. Five species of plants are listed in the Red Book of Russia: Alpine woods (Woodsia alpina), Lake Hemisphere (Isoetes lacustris), Cinnamon Red Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster cinnabarinus), Calypso bulbous (Calypso bulbosa), Trausteyner Canepornus (Dactrosusphorchrophoric root Trapeyner, Dyntrochrophoricorinus Trausteyner, Calypso bulbosa) One of the treasures of the Lapland Nature Reserve is virgin old-growth forests consisting of Frize pine, or Lapland pine (Pinus friesiana), and Siberian spruce (Picea obovata). The average age of the trees here is 400-600 years.
One of the most beautiful plants in the reserve is the blue phyllodoce (Phyllodoce caerulea) of the heather family. During its flowering stony slopes are covered with an amazing blue carpet, which later becomes purple.
At all times, the North was famous for its berries, and the Lapland reserve is no exception. Here you can find amber cloudberries (Rubus chamaemorus) and Siberian bluegrass (Empetrum sibiricum). The latter is also known under the names of siksa, expensive grass, a sorceress, keeper of the soul, black drops, deaf.
There are 31 species of mammals, 198 birds, 2 reptiles and 2 amphibians in the Lapland reserve.
There are wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), elk (Alces alces), brown bear (Ursus arctos), wolf (Canis lupus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), weasel (Mustela nivalis), American mink (Neovi-son vison) , wolverine (Gulo gulo), European beaver (Castor fiber), white hare (Lepus timidus), common protein (Sciurus vulgaris), muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), Norwegian and forest lemmings (Lemmus lemmus and Myopus schisticolor).