Museum Reserve “Park Monrepo”
Mon Repos Park is a natural park located on Tverdysh Island. The main “attraction” of this place is, of course, nature with its unique landscapes. The picturesque landscapes of the only rocky park in the Russian Federation will fascinate everyone who will be here at least once. His beauty was admired by the Russian emperors and persons close to them, the royal families of Sweden and Prussia. Artists and poets drew their inspiration from Monrepos, prominent scientists came. Currently, the park is a museum-reserve of national importance, which is visited by thousands of tourists.
The history of the creation of the park Mon Repos
In the 16th century, Lille Ladugord owned by the Swedish crown was located here, where residents of Old Vyborg grazed cattle. After the victory of the Russian army in the Great Northern War, these territories were ceded to Russia. Since 1760, the manor was in the possession of P. A. Stupishin, commandant of the Vyborg fortress, who began to decorate it and decided to build a country cottage. In addition to construction work, here they drained swamps, leveled the ground, planted fruit and deciduous trees, created a greenhouse. The name “Mon Repos” was given to the estate by its next owner, the prince of Württemberg. Translated from French, it means “my peace.”
The golden period of Mon Repos Park is associated with the Nicolai family. They became masters of the estate since 1788. At first his father, Ludwig Heinrich, and then his son Paul, did a lot to turn the territory surrounding the estate into a picturesque park, where the creations of man and nature organically merged. Famous architects were involved to create exquisite structures, including an Italian family friend, Giuseppe Martinelli.
In the 20th century, due to the wars, the constant change of nationality of the local territories and the owners of the estate, a period of gradual devastation began. Before the outbreak of hostilities, the Red Army rest house was organized here. In 1941-1945, the Finnish hospital for wounded soldiers replaced. The forests in the park area were cut down, and the monuments were destroyed.
In the postwar years, both the kindergarten and the rest home of the military academy of communications were located on the territory of the Mon Repos estate. The library outbuilding was set aside as a residential building. Since the 1960s, the Central Park of Culture and Recreation has been pitched here. After twenty years, he looked very pitiable. Violation of the drainage system led to the drainage of some ponds and the transformation of others into swamps. Rotted buildings, destroyed monuments and pavilions of the park, devastated and desecrated graves of the family necropolis of Nikolai – this was how you could see at that time the famous Mon Repos Park.
In 1988, through the efforts of D. S. Likhachov and as a result of his campaign to preserve the unique monument of nature and architecture, a museum was created here. First of all, all the rides were removed from the estate, after which restoration work began to restore the architectural structures and landscape.
At present, part of the monuments has been restored, the backyard territory has been put in order, and Mon Repos Park, as before, invites visitors. Here you can spend a whole day and not notice how time flew in walks along picturesque paths in the shade of trees between boulders covered with moss. And it’s good to do it at any time of the year: the park is always magnificent – like the bay, and the Ludwigstein rock, which you can admire from a height.
Sights of the park
If you want to wander around the park for a longer time and examine all its memorable places, you should study their location in the diagram at the entrance in advance, and even better, purchase the official guide to Mon Repos. Then you don’t miss anything!
The theater, as is known, begins with a hanger, and Mon Repos park – from the main gate. They were built in 1821 under Paula Nicolai. At that time, Russia and Europe were influenced by neo-Gothic. In the same style and created the gate unknown architect. Perhaps it was Karl Ludwig Engel – a Finnish architect with German roots. By the middle of the 20th century, nothing remained of the historic gate. They were replaced by an unpretentious metal construction with a small wicket. The gate was completely reconstructed in 1982. They repeated the original prototype with a slight difference in decor and the lack of a family coat of arms on them.
From the main entrance, one of the two roads – the central avenue or a small romantic path that runs between two hills – you will come to the Lion granite sculpture.