Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park in the northwestern part of Wyoming was founded in 1872. This is the first national park in the world, famous for its geothermal landscape and geysers, including the strikingly punctual “old warrior”.
Yellowstone National Park is a biosphere reserve and, thanks to its unique topography, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Most of the park is located in Wyoming, issuing in the neighboring states of Montana and Idaho. The height of the mountain peaks varies from 3462 m – Eagle Peak, to 1610 m – Reese Creek.
Geothermal Spring – Morning Glory Lake
Yellowstone, a mountain plateau among the Rocky Mountains at an altitude of 2500 m, not only appears to be the edge of mountains, valleys, rivers and forests, both living and petrified, but also fascinates the unforgettable spectacle of beating geysers (including the well-known Old Faytful, that is, “Old campaigner ”), whose water columns soar up to tens of meters: here there are exploding puddles of mud, and boiling hot springs, and waterfalls so high that Niagara Falls appears before them as a bath that pours over the edge. All this happens among the riot of colors, where the base is the yellow color of the rocky canyons, which gave the name to the park. Two thirds of all geysers are here. There is no other place like this.
The park even has an active volcano that produces about 2,000 earthquakes per year, one of the world’s largest fossil forests, one of the world’s largest calderas, measuring 72×48 km and about 290 waterfalls, the highest of which is the Lower Falls – 94 meters. Upper Valley geysers – a place where an area of 2.5 square meters. km there are at least 150 geysers, five of which operate strictly according to a schedule – “Castle”, “Big Geyser”, “Daisy”, “Riverside” and the most famous – “Old Traveler”. Next is the sixth of the predictable geysers – the “Big Fountain”, the eruption of which raises water to a height of 30-61 m twice a day.
The park is not only located the true wonders of nature and magnificent landscapes, but also lives a lot of large mammals, including black bears – baribal and grizzly, coyotes, gray wolves, red foxes, wild cats, mountain lions, lynx, beavers, otters, several species of bison and deer, canadian snow sheep and snow goats.
Yellowstone Park is distinguished by a clear change of seasons: it is cold in winter, pleasant in spring, hot in summer, cool in autumn.
John Colter became the first white man to visit this area in 1807. Then the only inhabitants here were Tukadikas (also known as “eaters of sheep”), Shoshone Indians, and bighorn sheep hunters. Colter’s messages about exploding geysers and boiling mud pots (at first, his story was considered implausible) attracted the interest of researchers and tourists, stimulating active funding for the construction of railways. The park was founded in 1872 (as the first in the world) to preserve the incredible geography of Yellowstone – the geothermal phenomenon, the fossil forests and Lake Yellowstone.
Yellowstone National Park, which covers an area of 8992 km², is divided into five distinct areas (clockwise from the north): Mammoth (“Mammoth”), Roosevelt (“Roosevelt”), Canyon (“Canyon”), Lake (“Lake”) and Geyser Countries ( “Land of Geysers”).
The headquarters of the reserve is located at the Mammoth Hot Springs in the north of Yellowstone. Visitors should arrive as far as possible through the northern entrance at Gardiner, Montana (Gardiner; Montana Highway 89; open all year). The rest, usually open from May to October, can be reached from the northeast (Cook City), east (Cody), south (Grand Teton National Park) and west (West Yellowstone). The main road of the park is the 230 km scenic Grand Loop Rd road. Upon entering the national park, you will receive a basic map and a park newspaper with detailed stories of ministers about places worth visiting. All tourist centers have information offices, whose staff can help you plan your walk according to your preferences: from great places for taking pictures to observation points where you can see a bear. The main department also has a museum, which tells about the animal and plant world, as well as geological phenomena in these places.