South Ural State Nature Reserve
The conservation area, located in the center of the Southern Urals, has not been taken into account by scientists and ecologists for a long time. The South Ural Reserve officially exists for only 30 years, which is very small compared to most other Russian reserves.
South Ural Reserve South Ural Reserve has no clusters. Its entire territory consists of one large plot of 25 hectares with a small one. Most of the land is in Bashkiria, and everything else is in the Chelyabinsk region.
The direct management of the reserve is located in a small village Roar Belgorod region. Since in the reserve there are rare representatives of flora and fauna, the environmental object staff faces a difficult task to protect the mountain taiga forests and all individuals of high-mountain and marshlands.
You can get to this picturesque place only by car, as Ufa and the largest reserve of the Southern Urals divides as much as 200 km. In addition to protecting the natural complex, researchers also carefully study it, simultaneously conducting an inventory of plant and animal species that inhabit its territory. Of course, local jägers constantly carry out educational activities for the population of nearby villages and visitors. Most of the reserve’s staff are military, so poaching and sabotage are rare here.
Tundra, coniferous-deciduous forests and mountain taiga are all types of ecosystems that are found on the territory of the South Ural nature reserve. Ecotourism is underdeveloped here and is limited to only one ecological path with a length of 5 km. The tour starts from the central manor and ends at the top of the ridge called Small Yamantau. The main part of the relief in the conservation area consists of mountain ranges and depressions.
For ecological tourists, the most interesting attraction is the Yuryuzan Valley. It represents a very deep mountain slide, surrounded by mountains on three sides. While advancing on it, it can be seen that it is now being loaned, then expanding again. It seems that a certain atmosphere of alienation and isolation from the world as a whole is hovering in the local air. The network of mountain rivers in the reserve is very extensive, originating from mountain ranges.
Separate attention, both scientists and photographers require the river Small and Great Inzer. At its very foundation, they reach small sizes, creating an infinite number of rapids. The Yuryuzan River, flowing in the middle of dense and inhospitable taiga, has a length of about 25 km in the Yuryuzansky valley. At one of the points of the reserve called Prudki the river picturesquely spreads in several directions, thereby forming a series of small lakes. Throughout the history of the South Ural Reserve, about 700 different species of higher plants have been identified.
And besides them, you can find a whole variety of mosses, lichens and fungi. Of particular interest to science may be the following types: blackberry coral; Laurer’s Tukneria; red pollen head; usneya blooming; neottiant klobuchkovaya; spasis curly and mn. etc. However, among the representatives of the mountain taiga flora there are also dangerous species, which should be avoided. Here is their incomplete list: pale toadstool; russula brittle; wolfberry ordinary; aconite high; red fly agaric and others. Turning to the animal world, we note that 271 animal species inhabit the reserve. The main part of them are forest animals.
Very often you can meet a roe deer, an elk and a boar on your way. However, very dangerous predators are found in taiga forests, starting with a wolf and ending with a brown bear. In rare cases, you may notice a lynx. By its nature, this predator is hidden and prefers not to show itself to man without any particular need. In addition to the above-mentioned animals on the territory of the reserve you can meet: black grouse; wood grouse; white hare; pine marten; ermine; American mink; squirrel; chipmunk; gray heron etc Some species of animals are considered specially protected, therefore their catching in the reserve is strictly prohibited. Among the birds, the eagle owl, the peregrine falcon, the white-tailed eagle, the golden eagle, the serpent, etc.
As for the fish, such species as the kumzha, the Russian fast-paced woman and the European grayling are also subject to special protection. In general, the climate of the entire conservation facility can be considered moderately continental. Tourists can use the ecological trail, but the total number of visiting tourists should not exceed 200 people.